Housing Development Data

Housing Development Data provides information on the number and location of existing dwellings, vacant residential land, and recent residential development across all land within metropolitan Melbourne.

Map of the Yarra areaThe data has been prepared for all individual lots across Melbourne where there is an existing dwelling or where the lot is located in a land use planning zone that provides for residential uses.

The dataset supplements information currently collected and made available on an annual basis through the Urban Development Program.

Read the fact sheet for an overview of the collection and application of the Housing Development Data:

Overview of recent housing growth and supply trends 2004–08

As part of the delivery of the Housing Development Data, Spatial Economics Pty Ltd was commissioned to prepare a Statistical Summary Report for Metropolitan Melbourne providing an overview of housing supply and residential development activity.

Read a copy of the report:

The report shows:

Recent housing growth

  • Approximately 1,541,000 dwellings were identified in metropolitan Melbourne as at December 2008.  
  • From December 2004 to December 2008 the number of dwellings in metropolitan Melbourne grew by 101,800 – an average of 25,500 net additional dwellings per year or an annual average growth rate of 1.7%.  
  • While the number of dwellings in Melbourne has been growing steadily, this growth has been uneven – the highest rates of growth are occurring in growth area municipalities and in central Melbourne.
  • Over half (56%) of recent dwelling growth occurred in established area municipalities – 44% occurred in growth areas municipalities. Over the five year period, growth area municipalities accounted for an increasing share in dwelling growth – from 39% in 2004 to 50% in 2008 (net additional dwellings yielded by recent development projects).
  • At a municipal level, the highest annual average rates of dwelling growth were experienced by growth area municipalities, including Wyndham (6.5%) and Melton (6.5%), while the City of Melbourne grew at an annual average rate of 5.5%, well above the average for the metropolitan area.

Recent residential development trends

  • Between 2004–08 an average of 29,500 new dwellings were constructed each year across metropolitan Melbourne – 4100 dwellings were typically demolished each year.
  • The predominant form of development 2004–08 was single dwelling developments which accounted for 86% or 53,579 projects – 59% of all newly constructed dwellings.
  • Residential projects yielding 20 or more dwellings contributed 22% (25,763 dwellings) of all new dwellings constructed from 2004 to 2008, but comprised only 1% of all construction projects (403 projects).
  • Dwelling replacements accounted for 8% (5008) of residential projects and 4% of all constructed dwellings between 2004 to 2008.

Vacant land supply

  • There was a stable supply of vacant lots across metropolitan Melbourne between 2004–08, however the number of vacant lots has steadily declined from 54,500 lots in 2004 to 46,000 lots in 2008 (21% change).
  • A comparatively lower proportion of vacant lots were found in the south eastern middle ring municipalities of Glen Eira, Boroondara, Bayside, Port Phillip and Stonnington.
  • The number of vacant lots consumed exceeded the number of lots created between 2004 to 2008, with an average of 13,611 lots consumed per annum compared to the construction of 10,687 lots per annum.

Further information

Collection of the Housing Development Data is ongoing and annual reporting on the data will be included in future Urban Development Progam reports. For further information contact urban.development@dpcd.vic.gov.au